12 INTERESTING FACTS ABOUT THE MOUNT KILIMANJARO_

12 Fact about Kilimanjaro is the piece of information that highlight different realities and undoubtedly records of Giant Mount Kilimanjaro. Whether you are longing for your next Kilimanjaro climbing or researching basically for the purpose of gain knowledge, these details are for your regardless. We exclusively present to you so that you can consume the details and whenever possible, we will be glad to hear your thought and possibly reply to your emails with questions, suggestions as well as requests for the next Kilimanjaro climbing with Afrozone Kingdom Safaris

1. Mount Kilimanjaro is one of the seven summits.

Mount Kilimanjaro is the one of tallest mountains in Africa, which makes it one of the seven summits. Below is a list of the seven summits in the world from highest to lowest.

Everest in Asia (8850m)

Aconcagua in South America (6960m)

Denali in North America (6,190m)

Kilimanjaro in Africa (5895m)

Elbrus in Europe (5642m)

Carstensz Pyramid in Oceania (4884m)

Kilimanjaro remains a very popular peak with both gurus hikers and first-time adventurers because it is the easiest attempt of the seven summits. Climbing Kilimanjaro requires no technical skills or equipment, like ropes, harnesses, ice axes or crampons. So simply to say it is hiking, particularly “walk up” summit, not mountaineering or peak climbing.

2. Kilimanjaro is a free-standing mountain

Kilimanjaro is not only well known as Africa’s tallest peak, but also the tallest free-standing mountain in the world. The Uhuru is the summit of Kilimanjaro and it is about 5,895 meters above sea level.

In most cases, the highest mountains are part of ranges, such as Mount Everest’s Himalayan Mountain Range. These are formed through a process referred to as plate tectonics. Underground, Earth’s crust is made up of several tectonic plates. These plates have been in a kind of motion since the cradle of time due to geologic activity.

It appears that when plates push against each other, the edges crumple, forcing slabs of rock into the air. These are well-known as fold mountains and are the most common type of mountain. A formation A fault-block mountain range happens when a crack in the Earth’s crust pushes blocks of rock up between two tectonic plates. The uprising blocks become block mountains.

Mount Kilimanjaro as a free-standing mountain is a result of volcanic activity. However, the formation of Volcanic mountains are happen when molten rock, which is magma, erupts and solidifies upon the surface.

3. The mountain is located along the equator.

The equator is an imaginary line that divides the earth into two parts, the Northern Hemisphere and Southern Hemisphere. The line passes through the exact centre of the Earth.

The area around the equator is distinct from the rest of the earth due to the high amount of solar radiation striking an area. The equatorial climate remains the same nearly year-round. The common patterns here are either dry and warm or wet and warm.

Mount Kilimanjaro seats just around 205 miles from the equator right in Tanzania. When it was earlier reported by explorers that glaciers had been spotted on the top of Kilimanjaro, people did not buy that crap as it was believed that ice cannot be formed so close to the hit, especially the burning equatorial sun. Now it is in scientists’ theories that the glaciers shrink and then regrow during the planet’s ice ages.

4. Volcanic cones created Kilimanjaro

Kilimanjaro formation is the impact of volcanic activity. But once, the mountain had three volcanic cones which are Kibo, Mawenzi and Shira.

Kibo lies (5,895m)
Mawenzi lies (5,149m)
Shira lies (3,962m)
Kibo is the predominantly tallest cone and also the centrally located cone. This is where the summit of Kilimanjaro lies. It is around 460,000 years ago.

Mawenzi is a rocky peak that stands as the third highest peak in Africa, after Kibo and Mount Kenya (3825m). From this point, you can spot the perfect views of Mawenzi on the Rongai and Northern Circuit routes.

Shira is no longer a peak. It is estimated to have been about 16,000 feet high before its collapse, resulting in the Shira Plateau on the western side. The Lemosho, Machame and Shira routes trek across this feature.

5. Kilimanjaro is a dormant volcano, not a dead one

Mount Kilimanjaro is under the category of a stratovolcano, a term that describes a very large volcano made of rock, lava, and ash. Shira and Mawenzi are still extinct volcanoes, meaning that there is no volcanic activity underneath these cones. In a simple clarification, there is no more main supply of lava.

Kibo is possibly a dormant volcano, however, it can possibly erupt again. If it happens that a volcano hasn’t erupted in the last 10,000 years, however, scientists think it will erupt again, that is termed as dormant.

The ash pit is a two-hour go and return trip hike from the highest Crater Campsite. Those who visit the ash pit will encounter the smell of sulfur from the volcano’s lava because the last major eruption was 360,000 years ago and the most recent activity was 200,000 years ago.

6. The original meaning of Kilimanjaro is still a mystery

Nobody knows The origin of the name Kilimanjaro

European explorers perceived the name by 1860 and stated that “Kilimanjaro” was the Swahili name for this mountain. However in accordance to 1907 edition of The Nuttall Encyclopædia, states that the name of the mountain was “Kilima-Njaro,” consists of the Swahili word “Kilima” which means “mountain” and the “Njaro” a Chagga phrase which means “whiteness.”

Another German missionary Johann Ludwig Krapf wrote in 1860, “The Swahili people of the coast call the snow-mountain Kilimanjaro, “mountain of greatness.” It may also have different meanings as “mountain of caravans” where ” Kilima” stands for mountain and ” Jaro” stands for caravans, a landmark that is seen everywhere from far.

Another speculation holds the view that there is a great possibility, Kilimanjaro is the European pronunciation of a Chagga phrase which apparently means “we failed to climb it.”( Kilemakyaro)

7. The first ascent was more than a century ago after multiple trials and failures.

The first attempt to climb Mount Kilimanjaro was first begun in 1889 by a German geologist Hans Meyer, accompanied by an Austrian climber Ludwig Purtscheller under the local guidance of Yohani Kinyala Lauwo.

On first attempt in 1887, Meyer made it to the base of Kibo but never went beyond there because he encountered thick crazy snow and ice walls and he was not well equipped for heavy snow and ice so he turned around at this point.

Meyer made a second unsuccessful attempt in 1888, however not due to the mountain itself, but because he was captured and held as a prisoner by locals as part of the Abushiri revolt when the Swahili and Arabs rebelled against German traders. He was later released after a ransom was claimed and paid

Meyer finally attempt to succeed in 1889. He was accompanied by a supporting team that included a guide, two other local tribe leaders, nine helping porters, and one nice cook. They approached the summit on the southern crater rim. The famous route known as Marangu predominantly follows Meyer’s groundbreaking path that goes up and descends down Kilimanjaro

8. Approximately 50% of Kilimanjaro climbing attempts fail

It is approximately 40,000 people attempt Kilimanjaro every year. However not clearly valid, it is often on record that 50% of climbers fail. This might be kind of a surprise as Kilimanjaro is not in the account as a particularly difficult peak compared to others which are famous. Furthermore, it is not a special technical peak and does not require more than abilities to smash it.

Most people fail due to altitude sickness. People make the grave mistake of selecting the wrong route, especially the Marangu Route, which is the shortest path (5 days round trip) to the peak in a real sense the best possible way to reach the peak is to use a longer route which enhances acclimatization which is a more important aspect on climbing.

On top of it, many people climbing Kilimanjaro are amateurs and first-time backpackers, most of them fail to well prepare for their climb in terms of the right gear, enough training, and in particular failure to hire a reputable company that guarantees a proper and professional guide service to the mountain

9. There is a fascinating record of athletes who make the fastest attempt at the peak.

Kilimanjaro has been knocked at a pace that will leave you astonished. The quickest and probably fastest ascent and descent were completed by Swiss Karl Egloff and took only 6 hours and 42 minutes in 2014.

Other important records mention Spanish mountain runner Killian Jornet’s ascent to Uhuru Peak in just mind cracking 5 hours 23 minutes and 50 seconds and this record is in place since  2010.

Another record is of German Anne-Marie Flammersfeld for the fastest ascent and descent on Kilimanjaro, she make it to the summit in 8 hours 32 minutes and get to the bottom in a total time which makes time spent on the mountain to be 12 hours 58 minutes in just 2015.

The most notable record for the fastest unaided ascent is of Simon Mtuy, the climber carrying his own food, water and clothing apparently with no support. Simon climbed to the summit and back in 9 hours 19 minutes in 2006.

10. The younger and older conquered the peak considerably.

Any individual with a reasonable level of fitness can climb Kilimanjaro and make it to the top. Read the proof below

The oldest individual to successfully climb Kilimanjaro to the top is an 89-year-old American woman Anne Lorimor. She grabbed the world record in 2019 from known Dr Fred Distelhorst, who was 88 when he submitted by that time.

In a clear record, the youngest individual to climb Kilimanjaro is an American Coaltan Tanner, who conquered the peak at age six in 2018. Another youngest girl to the summit is Ashleen Mandrick and at the age of six years old, she accomplishes the feat.

According to Kilimanjaro mountain authorities and regulations, the minimum acceptable age for climbing Kilimanjaro is apparently 10 years old, however, the park authority can be tempted to grant exceptional permits to children who have significant proven experience in mountain climbing and trekking.

11. Kilimanjaro climbing is a classical trip from the equator to Antarctica per se

On climbing Kilimanjaro, climbers will encounter five distinct ecological zones on their way to the top, as classified below

1. Bushland/Cultivated Zone lies on 800m-1,800m

2. Rainforest Zone lies on 1,800m-2,800m

3. Heath/Moorland Zone lies on 2,800m-4,000m

4. Alpine Desert Zone lies on 4,000m-5,000m

5. Arctic Zone lies 5,000m+

12. Kilimanjaro ice is about to disappear after some time.

The glaciers at the top of Mount Kilimanjaro will disappear completely according to scientists by the next 50 and this is due to deforestation and not necessarily global warming. However different initiatives are taking over including plants of trees to curb the situation.